Who is the Little Horn of Daniel 7? Is the Little Horn the Roman Catholic Church? This is the first appearance of the main antichrist system in the Bible. Read on to find out the Little Horn truth.
The Little Horn
We need to build up to the little horn so that we can pinpoint where it came from and if it matches the antichrist system. We start in Daniel 2 where Nebuchadnezzar has the dream of the statue of a man..... Daniel 2:31-33 ....'Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible. This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.' ..... We know from history what kingdoms these metals were:
Head of Gold (This was Babylon) 612 - 539BC
Chest of Silver (This was Medo-Persia) 539 - 331BC
Thighs of Brass (This was Greece) 331 - 168BC
Legs of Iron (This was Rome) 168BC - 476AD
Feet of Iron/Clay (Divided Rome) 476AD - present day
Daniel 2:34 ....'Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.' ..... Let's never forget Jesus in all of this. Jesus is that rock which will come and break in pieces these earthly kingdoms when He returns at the second coming and sets up His everlasting kingdom. The kingdoms of this earth are temporary, but the kingdom of God is eternal. Praise God!
Daniel 2:37-38 ....'Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory. And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art this head of gold.' ..... Daniel tells King Nebuchadnezzar that he was the head of Gold. So, starting at the head of Gold, if we look at history, we can confirm the successive kingoms after Babylon as shown above.
In Daniel 7, we have a parallel prophecy concerning these four kingdoms. God gives us the order of these kingdoms in Nebuchadnezzar's image and then HE confirms who they are in even more detail in Daniel 7.
Daniel 7:2-7 ....'Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another. The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it. And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh. After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.'
So we have these four beasts. Now, the first beast is a Lion - This is Babylon. The Lion is known as the greatest of the beasts, which matches the greatest metal - Head of Gold. Also according to history, the Lion has been associated with Babylon.
The second beast is a Bear - This is Medo Persia. Notice the Bear is raised up on one side. According to history, the Persians were the stronger than the medes of this two state kingdom. Also, the Bear has 3 ribs in it's mouth, so it has just devoured something. History tells us that Medo Persia conquered the 3 nations of Egypt, Lydia and Babylon, hence 3 ribs in the Bear's mouth.
The third beast is a Leopard - This is Greece. Now, this animal has 4 heads and 4 wings. The Leopard is an animal with great speed and the 4 wings would denote speed also. According to history, Alexander the Great conquered the known world with amazing speed. This Leopard also has 4 heads. After Alexander, 4 Generals took control of Greece, hence the 4 heads.
The fourth beast is described by Daniel as a terrible beast. It's such a hideous powerful beast, Daniel can only describe it as 'dreadful and terrible' - This is Rome. This beast has 'great iron teeth'. Rome was known as the great iron kingdom, which matches the legs of iron on Nebuchadnezzar's statue. Also, this beast has 10 horns. We know from history that when Rome fell, it split into 10 main kingdoms. Also in Daniel 7:23 is says ....'Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth.' ...... History confirms that Rome was the fourth kingdom from Babylon to rule the world.
So now we come to the Little Horn which is the antichrist:
Daniel 7:8 ....'I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.' ...... Firstly, these 10 horns that came out of the fourth beast are kings/kingdoms .... Daniel 7:24 ....'And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise.' ......So the little horn is another king/kingdom and it is a 'little' kingdom. Did you know that the Vatican State is regarded as a country? Its the smallest there is. Notice the little horn comes up AMONG the 10 horns. Therefore the little horn power (king) rises to power AFTER the fall of Rome, when Rome splits into the 10 Kingdoms of Europe. See the following quote:
The Vatican is a 'Little Kingdom'
"The (Roman church-state) power became supreme in Christendom in 538AD. Due to a letter of the Roman Emporer Justinian, known as Justinians decree, which setup and acknowledged the bishop of Rome as the head of all churches. It gave the (Roman Church-state) political power, civil power as well as ecclesiastical power. This letter became part of Justinians code, the fundamental law of the empire and that year, pope vigilius ascended the throne under the military protection of Belasarius (one of Justinians generals)." (The history of the Christian Church Vol.3)
So history confirms that the Roman Catholic Church came to power AFTER the fall of Rome, AMONG the 10 kingdoms (10 horns) of Europe.
Notice also in Daniel 7:8 above, that the antichrist little horn plucks up 3 of the other 10 horns by the roots. So this little king causes 3 of those original 10 kingdoms to be totally destroyed. If you pluck something up by the roots, then there is nothing left. When the Roman Catholic Church came to power, there were 3 kingdoms of Europe that did not agree with the teachings of the pope, therefore the pope, through the armies he had at his disposal, destroyed the three kingdoms. See below:
Alamanni - became the Germans
AngloSaxons - became the English
Bergundians - became the Swiss
Franks - became the French
Lombards - became the Italians
Suevi - became the Portuguese
Visigoths - became the Spanish
Heruli - Now Extinct (destroyed by papal Rome)
Vandals - Now Extinct (destroyed by papal Rome)
Ostrogoths - Now Extinct (destroyed by papal Rome)
In his book 'God Cares' Dr. Mervyn Maxwell, a theologian and historian summarises the overthrow of these three kingdoms. "The Catholic emperor Zeno (474-491) arranged a treaty with the Ostrogoths in 487 which resulted in the eradication of the kingdom of the Arian Herulis in 493. And the Catholic emperor Justinian (527-565) exterminated the Arian Vandals in 534 and significantly broke the power of the Arian Ostrogoths in 538."
Daniel 7:24 .....'And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.' ..... So the little horn is 'diverse' from the other horns. What could that mean? Well, the 10 horns (kingdoms of Europe) were purely Political kingdoms. But then arose the Papacy (Roman Catholic Church) which was a Religious and Political power, therefore making it different from the others.
Daniel 7:25 .....'And he shall speak great words against the most High.' ...... So this king speaks great pompous words against God. Take a look at the following quotes from the Roman Catholic Church over the years:
"The Pope is not simply the representative of Jesus Christ. On the contrary, he is Jesus Christ Himself, under the veil of the flesh." Evangelical Christendom, January 1, 1895, pg. 15, published in London by J. S. Phillips.
"The Pope is of so great dignity, and so exalted that he is not a mere man, but as it were God. and the vicar of God." -Ferraris Ecclesiastical dictionary
"The Pope and God are the same, so he has all power in Heaven and earth." Pope Pius V, quoted in Barclay, Chapter XXVII, p. 218, "Cities Petrus Bertanous".
"...the Pope is as it were God on earth, sole sovereign of the faithful of Christ, chief of kings, having plenitude of power." Lucius Ferraris, in "Prompta Bibliotheca Canonica, Juridica, Moralis, Theologica, Ascetica, Polemica, Rubristica, Historica", Volume V, article on "Papa, Article II", titled "Concerning the extent of Papal dignity, authority, or dominion and infallibility", #1, 5, 13-15, 18, published in Petit-Montrouge (Paris) by J. P. Migne, 1858 edition.
-These words appeared in the Roman Canon Law: "To believe that our Lord God the Pope has not the power to decree as he is decreed, is to be deemed heretical.-I?i the Gloss "Extravagantes" o.f Pope John XXII Cum inter, Tit. XIV, Cap. IV. Ad Callem Sexti Decretalium, Paris, 1685.
"The pope is the supreme judge of the law of the land . . . He is the vicegerent of Christ, and is not only a priest forever, but also King of kings and Lord of lords"--La Civilta Cattolica, March 18, 1871.
"The Second Vatican Council teaches that the Bishop of Rome, as Vicar of Christ, has supreme and universal power over the whole Church." General Audience â€" February 24, 1993
The Roman Catholic Church certainly speak great pompous words against God.
Daniel 7:25 .....'shall wear out the saints of the most High.' ...... The little horn wears out the saints of God. It is well known that the Roman Catholic Church have murdered millions of Christians who would not bow down to her. See the following quotes:
"On August 24, 1527, Roman Catholics in France, by prearranged plan, under Jesuit influence, murdered 70,000 Protestants within the space of two months. The Pope rejoiced when he heard the news of the successful outcome."-Western Watchman, Nov.21, 1912 (Catholic)
For the heretics themselves, they are to be 'exterminated,' and any prince neglecting to exterminate them is to be deposed by the Pope, who will release his subjects from their allegiance. Even, if we would otherwise have doubted what 'extermination' means in its final implications, the word is clearly glossed by St. Thomas Aquinas (Summa 2-2, xi, 3) 'remove from the world by death.'" -Dr. G. G. Coulton - ANGLICAN ESSAYS:
"The church may by divine right confiscate the property of heretics, imprison their person, and condemn them to flames. In our age, the right to inflict the severest penalties, even death, belongs to the church. There is no graver offense than heresy, therefore it must be rooted out." - Public Eccliastical, Vol. 2, p.142.
"This horrid butchery was not confined merely to the city of Paris. The like orders were issued from court to the governors of all the provinces in France; so that, in a week's time, about one hundred thousand Protestants were cut to pieces in different parts of the kingdom!........... At Rome the horrid joy was so great, that they appointed a day of high festival, and a jubilee, with great indulgence." --Fox's Book of Martyrs. p35
"That the Church of Rome has shed more innocent blood than any other institution that has ever existed among mankind, will be questioned by no Protestant who has a competent knowledge of history . . . It is impossible to form a complete conception of the multitude of her victims, and it is quite certain that no powers of imagination can adequately realize their sufferings."--W. E. H. Lecky, History of the Rise and Influence of the Spirit of Rationalism in Europe, vol. 2, p. 32, 1910 edition. (An excellent though lengthy article describing in detail the right of the Roman Catholic Church to do this, will be found in The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 12, p. 266.)
"From the birth of popery to the present time, it is estimated by careful and credible historians, that more than fifty millions of the human family, have been slaughtered for the crime of heresy by popish persecutors,--an average of more than 40,000 religious murders for every year of the existence of popery to the present day. Of course the average number of victims yearly, was vastly greater, during those gloomy ages when popery was in her glory and reigned despot of the world; and it has been much less since the power of the popes has diminished to tyrannize over the nations, and to compel the princes of the earth, by the terrors of excommunication, interdiction, and deposition, to butcher their heretical subjects."--John Dowling, The History of Romanism, pp. 541-542.
We can clearly see the the Roman Catholic Church has much blood on it's hands.
"The Church of Rome has shed more blood than any other institution."
Daniel 7:25 ....'and think to change times and laws.' ..... So the little horn 'thinks' to change God's ten commandments. Of course it can only think to change them, because no one can actually change the laws of God, but God Himself. Well, we know that the Roman Catholic Church removed the second Commandment of God to do with graven images from their 'Catechism for converts'. This book was the study book for any new converts to Catholicism. They removed it, because they have graven images right throughout the church. Also, notice that this little horn thinks to change 'time'. Well, the Roman Catholic Church itself claims to have changed the 7th Day Sabbath instituted by God to the 1st day of the week. See following quotes:
"The Pope has the power to change times, to abrogate (CHANGE) laws, and to dispense with all things, even the precepts of Christ." "The Pope has the authority and often exercised it, to dispense with the command of Christ." Decretal, de Tranlatic Episcop. Cap. (The Pope can modify divine law.) Ferraris' Ecclesiastical Dictionary
"The Bible says, Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day. The Catholic church says, No! By my divine power I abolish the Sabbath day, and command you to keep the first day of the week. And lo, the entire civilized world bows down in reverent obedience to the command of the holy Catholic church!" Father Enright, C.S.S.R. of the Redemptoral College, Kansas City, Mo., History of the Sabbath, p. 802
"Christians must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honoring the Lord's Day [Sunday]; and, if they can, resting then as Christians. But if any shall be found to be judaizers, let them be anathema from Christ." - At the Council of Laodicea in 363, the Church of Rome
"Question: Have you any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept? "Answer: Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her-she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday, the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday, the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority." - Stephen Keenan, A Doctrinal Catechism 3rd ed., p. 174.
"Is Saturday the seventh day according to the Bible and the Ten Commandments? I answer yes. Is Sunday the first day of the week and did the Church change the seventh day -Saturday - for Sunday, the first day? I answer yes . Did Christ change the day'? I answer no!" Faithfully yours, J. Card. Gibbons" - James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore (1877-1921), in a signed letter.
"Question: Which is the Sabbath day? "Answer: Saturday is the Sabbath day.
"Question: Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday? "Answer. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday." - Peter Geiermann, C.S.S.R., The Converts Catechism of Catholic Doctrine (1957), p. 50.
Daniel 7:25 .....'and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.' ...... So the saints of God were given into the hands of the little horn for a time, times and half a time. This time period is commonly known as 1260 days or 42 months. But in Bible Prophecy, a day equals a year. You can see this if you read Ezekiel 4:6 and Numbers 14:34. Also the same principle is applied to the 70 weeks prophecy in Daniel 9. So taking this same Bible prophecy principle, this time period becomes 1260 years. History tells us that the Roman Catholic Church came to power in 538AD when Justinian decreed the pope to be head of all churches and also gave the Roman Church political power. In 1798 Napoleon famously captures the pope and puts him in prison, which ended the power of the Roman Church. So how long did the Roman Catholic Church reign? 1260 years!!
So let's take a look at the identifying marks of the little horn:
It is a 'little' horn - The Vatican State is the smallest country.
It comes up among the other horns - The Roman Catholic Church rises to power among the 10 kingdom of Europe, after the fall of Rome.
It plucks up 3 of the 10 horns - The Roman Catholic Church had 3 kingdoms of Europe totally destroyed.
It is different from the other horns - The Roman Catholic Church was a Religio/Political power.
It spoke great things against God - The popes claim to be AS GOD.
It wore out the saints of God - The Roman Catholic Church has killed millions of Christians.
It thought to change times and law - The Roman Catholic Church has claims to have changed the Law of God, by removing the 2nd Commandment and changing the 'time' of the 4th.
It reigned for a time,times and half a time (1260 years) - The Roman Catholic Church had power from 538 AD to 1798 AD. 1260 years!
Most theologians over the years have also connected the little horn of Daniel 7 to the Roman Catholic Church (Papacy). No other power, kingdom or institution matches the little horn like the Roman Catholic Church. It's a perfect match!! There is much more to follow, to show that the end time antichrist system in none other than the Roman Catholic Church.
Click on The Beast of Revelation 13 for further study of the Bible antichrist.